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Filipino Flag – 3 stars and a Sun – Inspired Wallpaper
Philippine Flag Symbolism
The Philippine national flag has a rectangular design that consists of a white equilateral triangle, symbolizing liberty, equality and fraternity;
a horizontal blue stripe for peace, truth, and justice; and a horizontal red stripe for patriotism and valor. In the center of the white triangle is an eight-rayed golden sun symbolizing unity, freedom, people’s democracy, and sovereignty.
Each ray represents a province with significant involvement in the 1896 Philippine Revolution against Spain.
These provinces are Manila, Bulacan, Cavite, Pampanga, Morong (modern-day province of Rizal), Laguna, Batangas, and Nueva Ecija some sources specify other provinces as alternatives to some of these.
3 Stars and Sun Symbolism
However, according to the Declaration of Independence and a research by Ateneo de Manila University Professor Ambeth Ocampo, the rays of the sun symbolized the first eight provinces of the Philippines which was declared under martial law during the Philippine Revolution (Batangas, Bulacan, Cavite, Manila, Laguna, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and Tarlac).
Three five-pointed stars, one at each of the triangle’s points, stand for the three major island groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.
The symbolism given in the 1898 Proclamation of Philippine Independence differs from the current official explanation.
According to the document, the white triangle signifies the emblem of the Katipunan, the secret society that opposed Spanish rule. It says the flag’s colors commemorate the flag of the United States as a manifestation of gratitude for American aid against the Spanish during the Philippine Revolution.
It also says that one of the three stars represents the island of Panay, rather than the entire Visayan islands. Panay, which recent interpretations call as “as representative of the entire Visayas region”.
The proclamation also declares that the sun represents the gigantic steps made by the sons of the country along the path of Progress and Civilization, and lists Bataan instead of Tarlac among the eight provinces symbolized by the sun’s rays.